Cracking the problem of disorderly recycling of lead storage batteries

According to the National Development and Reform Commission's Department of Environmental Protection, the current plan for the establishment and implementation of the producer responsibility extension system has been submitted for approval, and there may be an overall promotion plan this year. At the same time, in response to the problem of difficult recycling, the NDRC is also working hard to draft a circular economy leading plan, starting with the top-level design, establishing a recycling management approach, implementing a producer-oriented producer extension system, and producing producers and sellers. Participants in the various segments, such as consumers, recyclers, recyclers, and managers, have specific rights and obligations. Lead batteries will be included in the first batch.
According to Cao Guoqing, deputy secretary-general of the China Battery Industry Association, since the recycling market for waste lead batteries has long been controlled by “walking recycling vendors”, a large number of waste batteries have flowed to illegal small smelting, and there are “sour acid” pollution, irregular flow pollution and fiscal and tax losses. And other issues. In 2014, the production of waste lead storage batteries was about 3.2 million tons. The total number of waste lead storage batteries recovered by 30 hazardous waste operation licenses nationwide was 272,000 tons, accounting for only 8.5%. The amount of waste acid perforated in the waste battery is more than 260,000 tons per year, and lead pollution is serious. If 70% of the value-added tax is calculated, the loss of fiscal and tax revenue will be about 2.7 billion yuan per year, which is urgently aroused the attention of the government departments and the whole industry.
“In the case of the US lead-acid battery industry, the amount of lead used accounts for more than 95% of the total lead in the United States. However, thanks to sound regulations and effective management, lead emissions from lead-acid battery production account for only the total emissions in the United States. The amount of 1.5%.” Tianneng Group Chairman Zhang Tianren suggested that on the one hand, a differentiated tax policy should be implemented to fully refund the standardized battery consumption tax of production enterprises to implement the extension of producer responsibility and better promote China. Recycling of waste lead storage batteries; no support is given to battery enterprises that have failed to meet the standards for illegal operation, non-standard recycling operations, and environmental protection. On the other hand, strengthen the supervision of lead battery recycling, and use the "Internet of Things +" technology to build a life-cycle big data monitoring platform for lead batteries. The regulatory authorities can quickly grasp the waste battery flow and data through the Internet of Things technology platform, carry out lead refining and smelting supervision, and focus on cracking down on illegal business activities in the illegal industrial chain.
Li Yanping, a researcher at the Research Center for Cleaner Production and Circular Economy of the Chinese Academy of Environmental Sciences, said that the implementation of the producer responsibility extension system will comprehensively define the various types of responsible entities and the types of responsibilities in the green supply chain. For the lead-related industry, through the channels of pollution prevention and control, environmental supervision market mechanism, industrial structure optimization and transformation and upgrading, etc., we will screen a number of typical cases of green supply chain and explore the establishment of a green supply chain implementation model that adapts to the market. To build a green supply chain around environmental protection, promote green supply chain environmental management from the perspective of product life cycle, and finally realize the green ecological footprint of China's lead-related industry under the green supply chain.

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